Yemen

Dar al-Hajar, the Rock Palace 

Perched atop a rock pinnacle at the famous Wadi Dhahr Valley, some 15 km away from the capital city of Sana, Yemen, is Dar al-Hajar, better known as the Imam’s Rock Palace. It is an iconic symbol of Yemen, whose picture you can find on postcards and magazines to bills and water bottles.

What makes the building so attractive is perhaps because it is exemplary of Yemeni architecture. It seems to grow out of the rocks on which it is constructed, and it has the characteristic painting of its windows and edges. Furthermore, it stands all alone in an oasis of green and quiet, which is the wadi.

Back in the day, Yemen didn’t have a king or a president. Instead, the leadership of the country rested on the shoulders of an Imam (Islamic spiritual leader). Yahya Muhammad Hamiddin (1869-1948) became Imam of the Zaydis (an Islamic religious sect) after his father’s death in 1904, then Imam of Yemen in 1918 and remained in that post until his assassination in 1948. The palace was built in the 1930s by Imam Yahya as his summer residence. The palace was restored for visitors, but and turned into a museum of a sort.

 

 

 

Bab-al-Yemen or Yemen Gate  

Bab Al-Yemen is a historical and tourist landmark that is more than a thousand years old. The main entrance to the old city of Sana’a is the southern side, and the only remaining one of the four other sections is known as the entrance to the city. Namely, Bab Khuzaymah and Bab Lashkarif. [1] This section is one of the oldest doors in Yemen.

Building of Bab Al-Yemen The historic moorings indicate that the old wall of Sana’a with its four gates, most notably the door of Yemen, was found during the reign of the state of Isfariyah (439-532). Other sources indicate that it was built during the reign of the Sulayhid state in the fifth and sixth centuries AH, After their control of Yemen in 569 AH.

 

In the Old town of Sanaa, a square near Bab-al-Yemen or Yemen Gate, with ancient skyscrapers 

Yemen’s capital, Sana’a, is the oldest inhabited place in the world, and according to popular legends, the city was founded by Shem, the son of Noah. Sana’a is home to the ancient Ghumdan Palace, a 20 storey building, sometimes acknowledged as the world’s first skyscraper. Today, only a few ruins remain of the Palace. It is believed that the Great Mosque of Sana’a was mostly built from the materials of the Ghumdan Palace in the seventh century. The Great Mosque is one of the oldest mosques beside Mecca and Al-Madina in Saudi Arabia. Among the city’s other notable features are 103 mosques, around a dozen bathhouses or hammams, and more than six thousand houses all built before the 11th century.

 

 

 

Famous Yemeni AqeeQ (Aqeeq Stone) silver and gems 

It is one of the most important types of precious stones that have been associated with Yemen, since it is famous since ancient times, it is one of the most important wealth in the country, and the Yemeni agate is a popular product at the level Due to its artistic characteristics, high aesthetic qualities, colors, sizes and drawings, as well as precious stones that are characterized by their high non-scratchable strength.

The most famous types of stones of the Yemeni agate

Red Garnet Agate: This is the most valuable type of Yemeni agate

Garnet Garnet: This stone is also known as agate, because of the presence of sediments, pictures, names and drawings inside. This stone comes second only to the red sandstone in terms of price and importance.

Bloodstone: This name is called because of the belief that it is beneficial in blood retention, and this stone is characterized by its lack of transparency.

Stone Onyx: This stone is the first stone discovered in Yemen, and is characterized by lines, and transparency, which is in white, and black.

Sunstone: Named because of the characteristic of the sparkle it possesses, which made it as bright as the sun, and it is characterized by its ability to retain heat, and if exposed to sunlight during the day, it is maintained throughout the night, and this stone is transparent and tends to white, It is curved in shape.

Stone: This stone is characterized by its colour, which tends to white, and the shape of small, incandescent and glittering, and this stone is used mainly in the manufacture of ornaments.

Tiger Stone: This stone consists of three colours: black, white, gray, and features a dark colour.

Turquoise Stone: This stone is made of four colours: gray, green, blue, white, and is characterized as transparent, believed to be the stones that bring happiness to the heart of its holder.

The Devil’s Stone: This stone is characterized by its gray colour, its curved shape, and its full-bodied surface, which resembles stars

 

Manhattan Skyscrapers 

It is not surprising that such a giant clay city is located in the southernmost part of the Arabian Peninsula in the heart of Wadi Hadramout. Yes, it is Shibam Hadramout. The mud skyscrapers are planted in the desert. It was likened by archeologist Dr. Salma Al-Safi ..

As soon as the longing for the visit of Shibam, you will inevitably move from the complex industrial and electronic renaissance to the era of bright old civilization and when one of the main gates of one of its houses will smell the incense will take you to that scene and the gate carved with the finest inscriptions and the refreshing smell to 1000 BC where ancient history A bright civilization that has lasted for centuries.

Simple in living with the art of construction and construction decorated by humility, dream and generosity What do you want more than this?
Breathe the fragrance of history and be inspired by the civilization of the centuries and the kingdoms of old Yemen all this in the house of the houses of high Shibam.

Location ..

The view of Hadramout Valley shows that the location of the city was chosen very carefully. It lies between Jabal al-Khabh (south) and the continent (Al-‘Al-‘Aziz) to the north, so that it does not run from east to west or vice versa.

The site was chosen to be the capital of the valley and the meeting of caravans laden with the treasures of that time incense, frankincense, salt, palms and feathers coming from the east of Dhofar land of frankincense and the old port of Hadramout, which brings to India and China, and from there to the city of Shibam and Shbuh capital of the Kingdom of Hadramout and Sham and also from Qena also the second port of Hadramout

 

Traditional Yemeni dress 

The Yemeni folklore is a special and distinctive model because it contains many aspects of Yemeni life.

This heritage is still present, where we see the beauty and splendour of its multiple images, and this popular heritage women’s costumes, which are still reflected in the villages and countryside ..

These legacies, which are reflected in these beautiful folk clothes, are still very popular despite the progress of life and its development, but the aesthetic character and the perfection of its industry will make this beautiful fashion a treasure that perpetuates the ages that cannot be obscured.

Of these Yemeni women’s clothing or costumes: the robe is worn by women in the interior and wears a belt of Hadrami and wears on occasions such as weddings and weddings. It is the wearing of the women of Hadramout and Duane and of course, the woman will adorn the silver belt and the anklet.

In addition, there is a dress made by the women of Sana’a and its environs. It is made up of a dress called “Al-Zana”. The ring is worn on the head and is decorated with silver ornaments. As well as the popular fashion in Yemen Almawz or so-called polarizer is a quilt to be prepared by the Yemeni man instead of the heroines and is very famous in Hadramout and Lahj and Taiz.

The traditional Yemeni folk costumes, with their beautiful decorations and hundreds of years, are the most beautiful, varied, elegant, determined and raw, and fashion is not competing with others because its manufacture was mastered by Yemeni factories and woven by skilled women. The fashion of Yemenis and Yemenite yarns, tiaras, tattoos, Yemen in the Arab markets.

It is also characterized by its composition and its strength as it was related to the social environment and varied in the diversity of the Yemeni regions and the tastes of its inhabitants. It varied from one governorate to another. It varied in the level of villages and areas of one governorate to reach hundreds of species.

 

Information on Al Jambiya 

Al Jambiya is a type of Arabic daggers. This description is usually described in the description of daggers that connect a belt around the ribs, 

Janabi is used in Yemen, Oman and southern Saudi Arabia as a garment. Al-Janabiya is one of the most popular crafts in Yemen, southern Saudi Arabia, Hijaz and Oman.

The pleura is a sharp machine that stands on a special handle. There are some types of janabi whose prices reach hundreds of thousands, even millions of riyals. This kind of janabi has special characteristics that only experienced people know. It is worth mentioning that Sheikh Naji bin Abdul Aziz Al-Shayef, Sheikh of the sheikhs of Bakil and chief of the sheikhs of Yemen, bought a million dollars in gold, which is considered the most expensive dagger (dagger) in the world because it is more than a thousand years old. Since 1948 until it was eliminated in 1962, and belonged to him by Imam Sharaf al-Din in the sixth century AH (672 e). Jinbia is one of the oldest weapons used by man since his early days to defend himself

For the Yemeni foreign to be an original heritage treasure boasting its roots deep in the history of Yemen, and it can be a masterpiece meets in the formulation of a broad momentum of formal manifestations and color, and meet the forms of engineering transmitted by art to a piece of art in a very harmonious and beauty.

This Arab dagger, which Yemen has tied with a belt around the flower, is a social tradition that attends weddings. It is represented in the social custom list as a powerful authority, dictating its will to the opponents, dissolving rivalries, and creating security and peace.

Despite the spread of trade in all the cities of the city of Yemen, but the old city of Sanaa at the present time is the first place in the industry and trade in the south, inhabited by many families have inherited the craft of the industry and trade in the Philippines for more than seven centuries.

Among them are the “summer house”, which is attributed to the best types of al-Janabiyah, Beit al-Asadi, and Beit al-Aziri, the latter being the largest name in this regard.

 

 

Yemeni Architecture 

The Yemenites were builders and because they were present and their dwellings were stable and stable until the Arabs and the linters of them had houses made out of the brocade is not the complexity and stability of cities, but they are not tents. Southern Arabic has more construction-related terms than those used in other parts of the Arabian Peninsula

The stones were the basic material for building houses in old Yemen except for the coastal areas where the builders used bricks

And the examination of ancient archaeological sites and the descriptions of some news people such as Hamdani to the old monuments and palaces in Yemen was still on his days, it is clear that the architectural style in the old Yemen is not very different from what is today in the old Sanaa

Unfortunately, many of the old buildings were demolished and their stones were taken to build new houses over different ages

There was usually in Yemen, the inscription of the building or the owner of the building with the name of the god followed by a witness placed in front of the house or temple. The drilling is done according to the length of the building to be built, and the rocks, mud, asphalt or zaltn are placed in the old language, mixed with water and left to dry, then the strong walls are built using the material of the lamp and the outer wall of the house is painted. The interior is adorned with inscriptions often made for animals such as oxen and bulls. The buildings are usually three to five stories and there were exceptions to the palaces of kings

 

 

Adnan incense

The city of Aden (south of Yemen) is known as the city of incense, which increases the demand for it, and its use to freshen up the Eid and the house. But the war and the low purchasing power led to the decline of the incense industry and the low demand for it.
The incense is a perfumed substance, prepared in homes, using old recipes whose makers maintain and develop their secret and ingredients.
It is considered one of the most prominent activities of the Adnan woman in her home. It is marketed locally in perfume and cosmetics stores and exported to the neighbouring Gulf countries to represent a source of income for many Yemeni families.
In the normal situation, the market for incense flourished throughout the year in Aden, and the increasing demand of citizens on the occasions and holidays,